Geology/History

Topaz is an aluminium silicate fluoride hydroxide commonly associated with silicic igneous rocks of the Granite & Rhyolite type. Topaz is formed by fluorine bearing vapours given of during the final stages of crystallization in various igneous rocks. It typically crystallizes in granitic pegmatites or in vapour cavities in Rhyolite lava flows & in hydrothermal veins.

Pure Topaz is colourless & transparent but is usually has a tinted colour caused by impurities. More commonly Topaz is wine red, yellow, pale gray, reddish-orange, or blue brown. It can also be white, pale green, blue, gold, pink (rare), reddish-yellow. Some clear Topaz crystals from Brazilian pegmatites can reach boulder size & weigh hundreds of pounds.

The rare Imperial Topaz is yellow, pink or pink-orange. Brazilian Imperial Topaz can have a bright yellow to deep golden brown hue, sometimes even violet. Many brown or pale Topaz undergo treatment to make them bright yellow, gold, pink or violet coloured.

Naturally occurring blue Topaz is quite rare. Often colourless, gray or pale yellow & blue material is heat treated & irradiated to produce a darker blue.

Mystic topaz is high grade colourless topaz which has been artificially coated with Titanium giving it a beautiful rainbow effect. 

The name Topaz is derived from the Greek Τοπάζιος (Τοpáziοs) or Τοπάζιον (Τοpáziοn). Topazios is the ancient name of a legendary island in the Red Sea now known as St John’s Island. Here a yellow stone now believed to be chrysolite a yellowish Olivine was mined in ancient times. Topaz itself was not really known before the classical era but was mined on the same island.

Metaphysical Properties

Topaz is a stone of good fortune, excellent health & great clarity. Topaz strengthens the mind creating a sharpened focus thought process. Topaz structures & fortifies the body’s energy field enhancing all psychic abilities. This stone has a direct connection to Angelic healing energy & connects the subconscious mind to the realms of Divinity.

Topaz gives us a clear concise pathway to our higher self & soul’s purpose. It can be used to heal past life & release all karmic attachments. Cycles of pain can be broken when the power of Topaz is embraced. Light is the blood of the soul, Topaz radiates a powerful light force & decimates negative energies feeding the soul loving purity. This stones teaches the power of balance with equality “as above so below” 

Topaz is a powerful manifestation tool & a master protector, it will not allow harm to come to a heart that seeks the highest good. It teaches us compassion, wisdom & understanding while providing the strength to change our worlds.

This crystal believes in understanding through sight & will enhance visions bringing clear messages on a divine frequency. It connects you to your guardians & transmits their knowledge into the energetic body where the mind can translate it into useful intellect. Topaz is capable of bridging worlds & blending realities acting as a gateway opener to alternative realms holding past, present & future.

Crystal Healing

Great for the eyes, spine, immune system & blood. Enhances cellular activity & sensory receptiveness. Reduces muscular aches & arthritic pain.

Mineralogy

Group: Silicate Mineral

Crystal System: Orthorhombic

Composition: Al2SiO4(F,OH)2

Form/Habit: Prismatic crystals with faces striated parallel to long dimension; also columnar, compact, massive

Hardness: 8

Cleavage:[001] Perfect

Fracture: Subconchoidal to uneven

Lustre: Vitreous

Streak: White

Specific Gravity:3.49–3.57

Transparency: Transparent

R.I:nα = 1.606–1.629, nβ = 1.609–1.631, nγ = 1.616–1.638

Colour:Colourless (if no impurities), blue, brown, orange, gray, yellow, green, pink & reddish pink

Birefringence:δ = 0.010

Fluorescence:Short UV=golden yellow; Long UV=cream

Pleochroism:Weak in thick sections X = yellow; Y = yellow, violet, reddish; Z = violet, bluish, yellow, pink

Strunz Classification: 9.AF.35

Dana Classification:52.03.01.01